Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting. This process recycles various organic materials otherwise regarded as waste products and produces a nutrient-rich soil.

You can easily buy compost from a gardening shop, but making your own is so much more fun. It’s easier if you have a garden because it needs a space to expand then rot down.  You can find natural recyclable materials in the garden and the kitchen where you can use small composting bins for kitchen waste food.

You can then transfer to a big compost bin in the garden where you put your waste in the top, and turn a tap on the bottom to let out the smelly liquid. 

If you are going to make compost, ask an adult first so they can tell you where to do it. Compost heaps can smell a bit, so try going for a corner away from the house.

Now, when you or your family go to throw something away, you can check if you can compost it or not by checking the list. This works for recycling as well, make a 3R’s diary sheet to tell you what can be recycled. Make sure that anything that you can recycle or compost goes straight in the right bin.

Earthworms have searched the world for the best compost heap to live in. Earthworms live in the finest compost, so if you have them that’s great. Compost takes around 6 to 9 months to rot down completely, so patience is needed. Worms are great for compost as they feed it with nutrients, which make it even richer.

When it is finished the compost will be like a fine soil. You can now use it to add to some soil as great food for your plants.

Compost tips: If you are going to make a compost heap outside, remember you need a mixture of green materials (fruit and vegetable peelings etc) and brown materials (dead leaves, wood shavings etc) to make the best compost.